Understanding Easter – Part1

Passover – Leaving Egypt (Part 1/2)

Read: Exodus chapters 12 & 13

Over the next week as we lead up to Easter, where we celebrate the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ, we’ll be looking at what this celebration is all about. To begin with, let’s look back at the escape of the nation of Israel from slavery in Egypt to freedom in the promised land.

We begin in Book of Exodus, chapter 12: Moses has returned from the desert to confront Pharaoh and lead Israel out of Egypt. Pharaoh has refused him and the 10 plagues of Egypt are the result. In this chapter, we find the 10th plague in action, the death of all the 1st born of the Egyptians. We also see in this chapter the institution of the Passover Feast, which has been celebrated by the Jews ever since to remind them of their escape from Egypt.

The escape of Israel from Egypt and their eventual entry into the promised land, is an amazing miracle in it’s own right, but it is also a type and foreshadow of the redemption available to all mankind through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Israel’s journey from slavery to freedom, passing through the Red Sea, is a symbol of our moving from slavery to sin into freedom from sin as members of the family of God and His heavenly kingdom. We access this freedom through accepting the gift of Jesus’ sacrifice and being born-again into His kingdom. We are then water baptized, symbolized by the passing through the Red Sea.

Romans 10:8-13
But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith which we preach): that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.” For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him. For “whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

The Passover Feast and it’s symbolism, foreshadows the redeeming work of Jesus on the cross.

The Passover Elements:

  1. The Lamb
  2. The Blood
  3. Unleavened Bread
  4. Bitter Herbs
  5. Hyssop
  6. The Destroyer

1. The Lamb

A male lamb without blemish, was to be chosen. It was to be roasted over a fire and eaten completely over one night. Any left overs were to be burned in the fire. The bones were not to be broken.

The Passover lamb symbolized Jesus. He was sacrificed on the cross to save us.

1 Corinthians 5:7
Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.

John 1:29
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

The lamb’s were not allowed to be broken which symbolized that Jesus’ bones would not be broken on the cross.

John 19:31-36
Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe. 36 For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken.”

2. The Blood

The blood of the lamb was to be applied to the top and sides of the doorway. This was to protect the house from the Destroyer who was carrying out the 10th plague.

We too are redeemed from the destruction of sin by the blood of the lamb, Jesus

1 Peter 1:18-19
knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.

Ephesians 1:7
In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace

Romans 6:23
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

John 10:9
I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.


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